There is a widespread myth (perhaps encouraged or even believed by some members of his stoutly working-class family) that Richard Burton won a scholarship to Oxford at the age of sixteen but left after six months. The facts, as recorded by Burton himself in his own autobiography and in Richard and Philip, which he co-wrote, are as follows: At the age of sixteen, he was forced to leave school and find work as a shop assistant. His former teacher, Philip Burton, recognising his talent, adopted him and enabled him to return to school. In 1943, at the age of eighteen, Richard Burton (who had now taken his teacher's surname), was allowed into Exeter College for a term of six months study. This was made possible only because it was wartime and he was an air force cadet.
In 1952, Burton successfully made the transition to Hollywood star, appearing in My Cousin Rachel opposite Olivia de Havilland. In 1954, he took his most famous radio role, as the narrator in the original production of Under Milk Wood, a role he would reprise in the film version twenty years later.
An insomniac and notoriously heavy drinker, Burton was married five times - twice, consecutively, to Elizabeth Taylor. Burton and Taylor played opposite each other in Mike Nichols's film of the play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, in which a bitter erudite couple spend the evening trading vicious barbs in front of their horrified and fascinated guests. The film is reputed to have been similar to Burton and Taylor's real-life marriage.
Burton was banned permanently from BBC productions in 1974 for questioning the sanity of Winston Churchill and others in power during World War II--Burton reported hating them virulently for the alleged promise to wipe out all Japanese people on the planet.
Films include The Longest Day (1956), Cleopatra (1963), Becket (1964), Hamlet (1964), Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966) and 1984 (1984) - (his final screen appearance).
Burton died suddenly at his home in Switzerland, where he is buried.
Burton appears in the 2002 List of 100 Great Britons (sponsored by the BBC and voted for by the public), alongside such other greats as David Beckham, Aleister Crowley and Johnny Rotten.
Richard Burton Facts
|Birth Name||Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.|
|Birthday||November 10, 1925|
|Birthplace||Pontrhydyfen, Wales, United Kingdom|
|Date of death||August 5, 1984 (age 58)|
|Height||5' 9" (1m75) How tall is Richard Burton compared to you?|
|Awards||1978 Golden Globe Awards: Best Actor in a Motion Picture - Drama (for Equus)|
|The Big Lebowski|
|The Secret Life Of Bees|
|Dances with Wolves|
|Where Eagles Dare|