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Biography #2 (for Milk)

Sean Penn's career as an actor spans nearly three decades. He has been nominated four times for the Best Actor Academy Award; for Tim Robbins' Dead Man Walking (for which he was named Best Actor at the 1996 Berlin International Film Festival), Woody Allen's Sweet and Lowdown, Jessie Nelson's i am sam, and Clint Eastwood's Mystic River. The latter performance brought him the Oscar and Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. His over two dozen other films include Harold Becker's Taps; Amy Heckerling's Fast Times at Ridgemont High; Richard Benjamin's Racing with the Moon; John Schlesinger's The Falcon and the Snowman; James Foley's At Close Range; Dennis Hopper's Colors; Brian De Palma's Casualties of War and Carlito's Way; Neil Jordan's We're No Angels; Phil Joanou's State of Grace; Nick Cassavetes' She's So Lovely (for which he was named Best Actor at the 1997 Cannes International Film Festival); Oliver Stone's U-Turn; Anthony Drazan's hurlyburly (for which he was named Best Actor at the 1998 Venice International Film Festival); Alejandro González Iñárritu's 21 Grams (for which he was named Best Actor at the 2003 Venice International Film Festival); Sydney Pollack's The Interpreter; Steven Zaillian's All the King's Men; and Terrence Malick's The Thin Red Line and upcoming Tree of Life.

Mr. Penn's feature film directorial debut came with The Indian Runner (1991), which he also wrote and produced. This was followed by The Crossing Guard (1995), which he also wrote and produced, and The Pledge (2001), which he also produced. The latter, starring Jack Nicholson, was cited as one of the year's 10 Best by the National Board of Review. Representing the United States, he wrote and directed a short film for 11'09"01, the compilation feature which united directors from around the world to create short films in response to the horrific events of September 11, 2001. In 2003 the feature was nominated for a César Award in the best European Union Film category, and received a Special Recognition award from the National Board of Review.

As writer, producer and director, his most recent work was Into the Wild (2007), adapted from Jon Krakauer's best-selling nonfiction book. Mr. Penn was a Directors Guild of America and Critics Choice Award nominee for his helming of the picture, and was also cited as Director of the Year by the Palm Springs International Film Festival; his screenplay adaptation brought him a Writers Guild of America Award nomination. Into the Wild also earned four Screen Actors Guild Award nominations for its cast, including Emile Hirsch (who also stars in Milk); and two Academy Award nominations.

Mr. Penn has appeared on stage in productions including Alfred Hayes' Girl on the Via Flaminia and Albert Innaurato's Earthworms in Los Angeles. On Broadway, he performed in Kevin Heelan's Heartland and John Byrne's Slab Boys. He starred in David Rabe's hurlyburly and Goose and Tom-Tom, at the Westwood Playhouse and Lincoln Center, respectively, with both productions directed by the author. His most recent stage work was opposite Nick Nolte and Woody Harrelson in The Late Henry Moss, written and directed by Pulitzer Prize winner Sam Shepard.

In 2002, he was presented with the Modern Master Award at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival. In 2003, became the youngest-ever recipient of the Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award from the San Sebastian Film Festival. In 2004, he received the John Steinbeck Award, given to outspoken torch-bearers in the creative arts. Most recently, he served as president of the jury at the 2008 Cannes International Film Festival.

As a journalist, Mr. Penn has written for Time, Interview, and Rolling Stone. In 2004, he wrote a two-part feature for The San Francisco Chronicle after a second visit to war-torn Iraq. In 2005, he wrote a five-part feature for the same paper, reporting from Iran during the election which led to the Ahmadinejad regime there.

for "Milk" updated 22-Nov-2008


Biography #3 (for The Interpreter)

Academy Award winner Sean Penn has become an American film icon during a career spanning just over two decades. He has been nominated four times for the Academy Award as Best Actor-for Dead Man Walking, Sweet and Lowdown, I Am Sam and most recently won the Oscar in 2003 for his searing performance in Clint Eastwood's Mystic River (for which he also won a Best Actor Golden Globe).

Penn made his feature film acting debut in 1981 in Harold Becker's Taps. In 1982, he acted his way into pop-culture history starring as Jeff Spicoli in Amy Heckerling's Fast Times at Ridgemont High. Penn has appeared in nearly 30 films, including The Falcon and the Snowman, At Close Range, Colors, Casualties of War, We're No Angels, State of Grace, Carlito's Way, U Turn, The Thin Red Line, She's So Lovely (Winner Best Actor, 1997 Cannes Film Festival), Hurlyburly (Winner Best Actor, 1998 Venice Film Festival), 21 Grams (Winner Best Actor, 2003 Venice Film Festival) and most recently, The Assassination of Richard Nixon.

Penn's feature film directorial debut came with 1991's The Indian Runner, which he also wrote and produced. In 1995, he directed, wrote and produced the highly acclaimed The Crossing Guard, starring Jack Nicholson, David Morse, Anjelica Huston and Robin Wright Penn. His third film as director/producer was The Pledge, which was named in the Top Ten Films of 2001 by the National Board of Review. Most recently, Penn wrote and directed the United States' contribution to the documentary film 11'09'01. This important project gathered 11 acclaimed directors from around the world to create short films in response to the horrific events of September 11, 2001. The film received a special recognition award from the National Board of Review in 2003.

Penn has appeared onstage in productions including Alfred Hayes' Girl on the Via Flaminia and Albert Innaurato's Earthworms in Los Angeles. On Broadway, Penn performed in Kevin Heelan's Heartland and John Byrne's Slab Boys. He appeared in David Rabe's Hurlyburly at the Westwood Playhouse and Goose and Tom Tom at Lincoln Center, both productions directed by the author. Most recently, Penn starred opposite Nick Nolte and Woody Harrelson in The Late Henry Moss, written and directed by Pulitzer Prize winner Sam Shepard.

In 2002, Sean Penn was presented with the Modern Master Award at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival. In 2003, he was the youngest to receive the Donostia Lifetime Achievement Award from the San Sebastien Film Festival.

Penn will next be seen starring in Steven Zaillian's All the King's Men with Jude Law.

Bio courtesy Universal Pictures for "The Interpreter" (07-May-2005)


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