Her paternal grandmother was Elizabeth Taylor (née Elizabeth Mary Rosemond), the source of her famous name. Her father was an art dealer and her mother a former stage actress, whose stage name was Sara Southern when she gave up that vocation to marry. They were both American, originally from Arkansas City, Kansas.
Taylor was born with dual British and American citizenship. At the age of three, she began taking ballet lessons. She lived in England until she was seven. Because of World War II, Taylor's mother returned to the United States with the children while Mr. Taylor remained behind to wrap up matters in the art business. They settled in Los Angeles, where the Warmbrodts were then living, and Taylor's father arrived not long after.
Though some people have called her Liz, she is not fond of that name. She prefers for her given name to be pronounced Eee-lizabeth.
Taylor appeared in her first motion picture at the age of nine for Universal. They let her contract drop and she was signed with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Her first movie with that studio was Lassie Come Home (1943). This drew favorable attention. After a couple more movies, the second on loan-out to 20th Century Fox, she appeared in her first leading role and achieved child star status playing Velvet Brown, a young girl who trains a horse to win the Grand National in Clarence Brown's movie National Velvet (1944) with Mickey Rooney.
National Velvet was a big hit, grossing over $4,000,000 at the box-office, and she was signed to a long term contract. She attended school on the MGM lot and University High School in Los Angeles, where she received her diploma on January 26, 1950.
Taylor is famous for her beauty, violet eyes and raven hair, and is considered one of most beautiful women in the world as well as an accomplished actress.
Elizabeth Taylor won the Academy Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role for her performances in BUtterfield 8 (1960) and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf (1966). She was nominated for Raintree County (1957), Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) and Suddenly, Last Summer (1959).
In 1963, Taylor became the highest paid movie star up until that time when she accepted $1,000,000 to play the title role in the lavish production of Cleopatra for 20th Century Fox. And it was during the filming of that movie that she worked for the first time with future husband, Richard Burton, who played Mark Antony.
Taylor has been married eight times to seven husbands: hotel heir Nicky Hilton (married May 6, 1950-divorced January 29, 1951); actor Michael Wilding (married February 21, 1952-divorced October 4, 1956); producer Mike Todd (married February 2, 1957-his death March 22, 1958); singer Eddie Fisher (married May 12, 1959-divorced March 6, 1964); actor Richard Burton (married March 15, 1964-divorced June 26, 1974); actor Richard Burton (2nd Marriage) (married October 10, 1975-divorced July 29, 1976); senator John Warner (married December 4, 1976-divorced November 7, 1982); and teamster construction-equipment operator Larry Fortensky (married October 6, 1991-divorced October 31, 1996).
Taylor and Wilding had two sons, Michael Howard Wilding (born January 6, 1953) and Christopher Wilding (born February 27, 1955). She and Todd had one daughter, Elizabeth Frances Todd, called Liza, (born August 6, 1957). And in 1964, she and Fisher started adoption proceedings for a daughter, who Burton later adopted, Maria Burton (born August 1, 1961).
In addition to her theatrical motion pictures, Taylor has appeared a number of times on television, including the 1973 made-for-TV movie with then husband, Richard Burton, titled Divorce His - Divorce Hers. In 1985, she played movie columnist Louella Parsons in Malice in Wonderland and appeared in the mini-series North and South. And in 2001, she played an agent in These Old Broads. She has also appeared on a number of TV programs, including General Hospital, All My Children and The Simpsons (as the voice of Maggie).
Taylor has also acted on stage in revivals of Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes (1982) and Noel Coward's Private Lives (1983), the latter she starred in with former husband, Richard Burton.
She also launched two perfumes, Passion and White Diamonds, that together earn an estimated $200,000,000 in annual sales.
Taylor has devoted much time and energy to AIDS-related charities and fundraising. She helped start the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amFAR) after the death of her former co-star and friend, Rock Hudson. And she created her own AIDS foundation. By 1999, she had helped to raise an estimated $50,000,000 to fight the disease.
In 1992, she received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. The following year, 1993, she received the AFI Life Achievement Award. And in 2002, she was a Kennedy Center Honoree.
She was made a Dame of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth in 1999 and now has the title Dame Elizabeth Taylor.
In the early 1980s, she moved to 700 Nimes Road in Bel-Air, California, which is her current home.
Elizabeth Taylor's hand and foot prints are immortalized in the forecourt of Grauman's Chinese Theater and she has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6336 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood.
Elizabeth Taylor Facts
|Birth Name||Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor|
|Birthday||February 27, 1932|
|Birthplace||London, England, United Kingdom|
|Date of death||March 23, 2011 (Los Angeles, California, USA, age 79)|
|Height||5' 4" (1m63) How tall is Elizabeth Taylor compared to you?|
|Awards||1998 Screen Actors Guild Awards: Life Achievement Award|
|1985 Golden Globe Awards: Cecil B. DeMille Award|
|1967 Academy Awards: Best Actress (for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?)|
|1961 Academy Awards: Best Actress (for Butterfield 8)|
|1960 Golden Globe Awards: Best Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama (for Suddenly, Last Summer)|
|Marvel's The Avengers: Age Of Ultron|
|The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn Part 2|
|Searching for Bobby Fischer|
|Beverly Hills Cop III|
|The Twilight Saga: New Moon|
|Captain America: The Winter Soldier|